sobota, 3 maja 2008

Fish tanks for beginners

Fish tanks for beginners

There are many different ways you can set up an aquarium depending on what you would like to keep and what interests you most in the hobby. Accordingly hobbyists tend to put names on the different types of aquariums that can be set up because they have similar general requirements depending on the classification of tank.

Saltwater Or Freshwater Aquarium ?

In general, for your first complete aquarium, you should probably choose freshwater fishtank for several reasons.Saltwater fish may be colorful and interesting but maintaining a saltwater tank can be very difficult.Reef tanks are more of a science than a hobby.So, if you are a beginning fish owner, you really may want to think twice about starting out with a saltwater tank

For beginners, freshwater varieties are usually best since they're less expensive and easier to keep alive than saltwater fish.It may take many months for you to become experienced with maintaining a saltwater tank, but, if you’re prepared for a steep learning curve, you may prefer to start with a saltwater fishtank.

For a saltwater tank, You will probably use live rock, which is also fairly costly, as a biological filter in the tank, as this makes setting up a saltwater tank easier.
Live rock is directly taken from a coral reef with organisms still on or inside the rock. These organisms, such as algae, sponges, worms and urchins are an important part of the nitrogen cycle that allows for waste to be processed into a less toxic form.If you do use live rock as a filtration system, you will also need to buy a protein skimmer. A protein skimmer is used to remove organic waste from a saltwater tank before it breaks down in the water.

Setting up a lighting system for a saltwater tank is also more expensive than setting up one for a freshwater fish tank. Poor lighting can cause these live organisms in your saltwater tank to die.Many corals feed using a system called photosynthesis, and the proper lighting is nescessary to generate energy and good health.
Generally speaking freshwater fish are a lot easier to keep so if this is your first fish aquarium.

Fish tank surface area is important. This will contribute to providing superior oxygenation
and facilitate the creation of an attractive aquatic theme. Height also needs to be considered.
Marine and fresh water environments can benefit from taller aquariums, which can provide
superior conditions for certain species of fish and plants.

Remember that even a modest fish tank of 90cm (3ft) in length, when filled with substrate, rocks and
water, can weigh as much as 125kg (275lb). So we may have to dispense with the idea of using the
old card table, or a chipboard sideboard, unless we can devise some way of strengthening it with angle
iron. What is infinitely better is to purchase or construct a purpose made stand or cabinet which is
reinforced with angle iron, or stout wooden supports.

The Right Size
The size of fish tank is often limited to the space available. In general, select the largest size
of aquarium that space, location and budget will allow. This will provide many benefits, such
as a more stable aquatic environment, greater choice of fish and plants and an enhanced
aesthetic value.

Type of Fish tank
There are a million variations of fish tanks available on the market today, from traditional
fish bowls to rectangular to just about every geometric shape you might

The most popular fish tanks shapes.

Fish tank shapes
Bow front aquarium, Bull nose aquarium, Cylinder aquarium, Flat Back Hex aquarium, Hexagon aquarium,  Pentagon aquarium,  Quarter aquarium, Cylinder aquarium, Rectangle aquarium, Wave aquarium

Two basic materials are used for fish tank construction, glass and acrylic. Glass is preferable
due to reasonable cost and superior ability to resist scratches and discoloration. If you decide to purchase an acrylic tank, know now that it will scratch sooner or later.

Fish tank Location
Choose an area in your home where you can best enjoy the beauty and serenity of your new
Fish tank. Avoid placing your fish tank near windows, heating and cooling ducts.
Direct sunlight and temperature changes can negatively affect your aquarium.
Overexposure to sunlight can lead to rapid algae growth in and on your fish tank, plants and decorations.
Rapid temperature variations are harmful to fish. It is also recommended to avoid
areas of high household traffic to prevent accidental contact with your set-up.
A conveniently located, grounded electrical receptacle is important for heater, canopy and filtration
components. Under no circumstances should any household electrical appliances be
placed under or in close proximity to your aquarium.
Make sure your fish tank is completely accessible – you’ll need to easily
reach your heater controls and air valves. Be certain there is
enough room above the aquarium to freely maneuver a net, or
reach into the tank to replant plants or move the decorations
Make your fish tank an integral part of the room – I’m not saying you
have to design your room around the fish tank, just make it look like you
did some preplanning, and the tank isn’t just an afterthought.

Glass fish tank versus and Acrylic fish tank

Which tank is Better?

- Glass is very difficult to scratch.Acrylic is highly scratchable but scratches are easily repaired in acrylics.
- Acrylic tanks are 17 times stronger than glass.
- Acrylic is clearer than glass. It actually lets obout 14% more light through than glass.
- Acrylic aquariums are easily molded into nearly any shape or size. This is not possible with glass.
- Acrylic is a better insulator than glass. The reason for this is because acrylics have a much higher R value than glass.This is very good for stability!
- Acrylic aquariums cost 2 to 3 times the price of a glass aquarium of equal size.
- Acrylic can be shipped via postal, UPS.. Glass aquariums must purchase them from a pet store.

Fish tank aquarium